Prospects of Emu farming
Presently about 3000 farmer entrepreneurs are in Emu farming in India. If exports start for meat or Oil it requires 250,000 birds per anum for culling.It is estimated that now about 3,50,000 breeder birds ( ranging from 22 months to 60 months age ) are reared in captivity.
Emus mate and lay Eggs in Winter season only.(In Australia they will be in their reproductive stage during our summer season, because, our summer is winter in Australia). However, Emus have come of age and well accustomed to Indian climate and the Birds mate and lay Eggs in India between August and March.
This season Indian farms may produce about ( 50,000 x 10 = ) 5,00,000 chicks ( assuming that only 40 % are female birds are capable of laying with an average fecundity of 10 Egg per female bird ). Out of which 2,40,000 chicks may finally survive to see their 4 th month ( assuming that 60 % of eggs are hatched and again 80 % survive their 3 rd month ).
Export oriented processing units are coming up in Andhra Pradesh .
Once these units commences their operations it needs about 20,000 birds ( weighing about 40 Kg each ) for one month.
One Container load for export consists of 40 Tonnes of Meat.
Generally Export order is placed for 2 Containers per One Week , 8 Containers per One Month , so that 96 container loads of meat is required to be supplied per Year.
Hence, 2,50,000 Birds are required to be culled per anum.
( One and One Half Year old Bird may Weigh abour 35 to 40 Kg. Only 15 Kg is taken for these calculations after leaving for fat, bones, feathers, skin etc,.